Entering Guantanamo Bay

This photograph depicts a U. S. Navy airship over Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. The photograph was apparently taken from aboard a ship. At least four moored ships are visible in the distance.
Entering Guantanamo Bay. Cuba. (3″ x 5″)

The above photograph shows a U. S. Navy airship over Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. The date of the photograph is unknown. It appears to have been taken from aboard a ship.

The U. S. Navy’s first airship was the DN-1 which first flew in April 1917. The Navy flew dirigibles out of McCalla Field, Cuba which was operational from 1931-1970. I am not certain of the perspective because I can’t determine if photographer meant to depict his own entrance to the bay or the dirigible’s entrance. Judging by the ships visible in the distance, I can see at least four, the photographer could be northwest of the airfield.

Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (Google Earth, 2004)

This photograph was purchased from a Baltimore antique shop in November 2020.

Entering Guantanamo Bay

The Reverends Finney and McGraw

Reverend William D. Finney (1788-1873) was a native of New London, PA, the son of Walter Finney (1847-1820) and Mary O’Hara (1753-1823). Finney married Susan LNU (1791-1817) who died a few months after the death of their son, Walter Scott Finney (1816-1817). He then married Margaret Miller (1790-1865) and they had six children:

  • Susan Finney (1822-1894)
  • John M. Finney, MD (1823-1896) was a beloved doctor in Churchville, MD for 50 years
  • Rev. Ebenezer Dickey Finney (1825-1904), a graduate of Princeton Theological Seminary who eventually settled as the first pastor of the First Presbyterian Church in Belair, MD where he was pastor from 1872-1895, and father to John Miller Turpin Finney, Sr., MD (1863-1942)
  • William D. Finney, Jr. (1829-1863) who died near Drytown, CA where he was a partner in the Maryland Quartz Mining Company
  • Charles M. Finney (1829-1897)
  • George Junkin Finney (1830-1906) who was a Harford County politician and judge who married Louisa Lyons Webster (1838-1927).

Rev. Finney was the pastor of the Churchville Presbyterian Church in Harford County, MD from November 1813 until his death, though his activities had been curtailed by age at the end. The nomination of the church for the National Register of Historic Places (HA-441) (NRHP) describes Finney’s arrival at Churchville this way:

The Churchville Presbyterian Church’s congregation, the oldest in Harford County, dates back to 1738, when it was chartered as the Deer Creek Presbyterian Congregation and was supplied by the Donegal Presbytery. Those early worshipers met, according to church records, in a log structure on Graveyard Branch, about two miles northeast of the present building. The congregation relocated to its now-permanent site in 1759 and built themselves a simple brick meeting house. But various issues began to divide the congregation into splinter groups of ever-decreasing importance; this unfortunate situation was worsened by the absence of any minister for 25 years. This decline was reversed, however, when the Rev. William T. Finney (sic) (1789-1873; B.A. Princeton, 1809) came to the parish. Finney was a native of New London in Chester County, Pennsylvania, where two of the Deer Creek’s elders heard him preach in October, 1812. The Marylanders were so impressed that they asked the young man to come to Harford and he agreed, being installed here on November 17, 1813. Finney revived the dying parish and caused the main block of the present church to be built.

There is a lot of information about Rev. Finney and his family and their influence on the development of Harford County. I’m a little surprised I didn’t discover a book about them. Three Finney houses north of Churchville on Glenville Road are designated by the NRHP as the Finney Houses Historic District (HA-1751), one of them is Rev. Finney’s house built in 1821 which contains a plaque inscribed with his and Margaret’s names, the date 1821, and the Latin phrase tempus fugit irreparabile (time flees irretrievably). A 20-foot-tall monument to Rev. Finney by the Baltimore sculptor Hugh Sisson faces the front door of the Churchville Presbyterian Church. Here is a description of Rev. Finney’s funeral with remarks by his successor, Rev. John R. Paxton.

Rev. James McGraw (variant: Magraw) (1775-1835) served the Presbyterians of the West Nottingham Community in neighboring Cecil County and was a friend and mentor to Rev. Finney. McGraw was born in Bart Township, PA, to Irish immigrant John McGraw (1750-1818) and Jane Kerr about whom not much is known. He married Rebecca Cochran (1780-1831), the daughter of Captain Stephen Cochran (1732-1790) of Cochranville, PA and Jane LNU (1740-1783). Their children were:

  • James Cochran McGraw (1804-1868) was postmaster of Cumberland, MD; presiding judge of the Baltimore County Orphans’ Court at the time of his death; he married Mary Anne Correy (1804-1874) and they had three girls and two boys.
  • Stephen John McGraw (1806-1848) was postmaster of Havre de Grace, MD when he died.
  • Samuel Martin McGraw (1806-1871) was a Harford County Orphans’ Court judge, a principle of the Bel Air Academy and of the West Nottingham Academy, and a delegate to Maryland’s Constitutional Convention of 1850 (Magraw); he married Mary Anne S. Maxwell (1807-1868) and they had one son.
  • Jane Eliza McGraw (1811-1826)
  • Robert Mitchell McGraw (1811-1866) was a director and president of the Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad.
  • Henry Slaymaker McGraw (1815-1867) was a lawyer in Pittsburgh, the treasurer of Pennsylvania, and a member of the Maryland House of Delegates when he died.
  • Ann Isabella McGraw (1817-1843)
  • William Miller Finney McGraw (1818-1864) was the first person to carry mail to Utah.

Rev. McGraw’s biography in The Biographical Cyclopedia of Representative Men of Maryland and District
of Columbia
(Baltimore: National Biographical Publishing Co., 1879, p. 359-60):

MAGRAW, JAMES, Clergyman and Educator, was born in Bart Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, January 1, 1775. His father, John Magraw, a native of Kilkenny, Ireland, having been compelled to flee his native land, because of his connection with a secret political club, which was regarded as inimical to the British Government, fled first to Gibraltar, and thence to this country, and settled in Pennsylvania. Being well educated, he taught school at Upper Octorara, and other places in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. He was a volunteer soldier in a Pennsylvania regiment during the entire Revolutionary war, and was in most of the battles in Eastern Pennsylvania, Delaware, and New Jersey. He was at Valley Forge, and crossed the Delaware with Washington {George Washington}, and was wounded at the battle of Princeton. He married Jane Kerr, of Middle Octorara, and died December 22, 1818, aged sixty-eight. Their son James, the subject of this sketch, received his primary education at a classical school near Strasburg, Pennsylvania, and afterwards entered Franklin College, at Lancaster city, where he was graduated with honor. In 1800 he entered upon the study of theology, under the Rev. Nathaniel Sample, pastor of the churches of Leacock and Middle Octorara. In the same year he was received as a candidate for the Gospel ministry by the Presbytery of New Castle. On December 16, 1801, he was sent on a mission to Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. In 1803 he received calls from Washington and Buffalo, in Pennsylvania, and from West Nottingham, in Cecil County, Maryland. After mature consideration, he accepted the call to West Nottingham, and April 4, 1804, was ordained and installed pastor by the Presbytery of New Castle. The society at that time was comparatively feeble, but it steadily prospered under Mr. Magraw’s ministry, and at the time of his death it was a large and flourishing congregation. In 1822 he organized a church at Charlestown [MD] and remained its pastor until his death, after which the church at that place became extinct. In 1825 Dickinson College conferred upon Mr. Magraw the degree of Doctor of Divinity. Dr. Magraw was a prominent and influential member of the church courts. He took a decided and active part with the Old School, in the church controversy which commenced in 1831, and issued in 1837 in the division of the Church into New and Old School. In reference to the part he sustained in this controversy the Rev. Robert J. Breckenridge, DD, said, “Beyond a doubt the great chapter in Dr. Magraw’s life was his connection with the reform of the Presbyterian Church from 1831 until his death.” He was a member of the General Assembly of 1834, also an active member of the Convention of Ministers and Elders that met in Philadelphia, and drew up and signed the famous “Act and Testimony.” In 1812, through the agency of Dr. Magraw, the West Nottingham Academy was established. After a few years of indifferent success and frequent changes of teachers, he became its principal, and continued to hold that relation until his death. Under his management this institution attained a high reputation. Students were attracted to it from distant parts of the country, and many who have and still hold prominent positions in business, political, and professional life, received their education at this academy. Dr. Magraw was emphatically a man of action. His administrative abilities were of a high order. He faithfully discharged the duties of his pastoral charge; efficiently superintended the West Nottingham Academy; was an earnest worker in the temperance reform in its infancy; and amid all these labors, successfully managed the large farm on which he resided. In person Dr. Magraw was tall, somewhat corpulent, and had a robust and vigorous constitution. Endowed with high intellectual powers, of strong will, affable and agreeable manners, he exercised a great influence over his fellow-men and commanded their respect.

Rev. Finney sent Rev. McGraw’s son, Stephen, the following cover letter with a booklet containing copies of the eulogies delivered at Rev. and Mrs. Finney’s funerals, presumably by him, an obituary, and remarks made at the communion table to memorize Rev. Finney. The following are scans of the original documents followed by my transcription of them.

January 24th, 1844
Mr. S. J. Magraw
Dear Sir—I have often regretted that so little that is permanent has been put on record in relation to your Father & Mother. I beg leave to suggest, if you think it worth while, that you would send what I have written to your sister, & let her write a copy for each one of her Brothers—at any rate a copy for William
[William was apparently named after Rev. Finney].
I have copied what I promised and a little more—supposing it would not be unacceptable. The date at the top of the 6th page you can supply. I recollected the month but not the day of the year
[the date, the 1st, was added on page six]. Any other mistakes you may notice please to correct.
Sincerely yours,
W. Finney

Substance of an address delivered at the funeral of Mrs. Rebecca Magraw.
We have assembled to pay the last duties of affection, to one whose loss will be long felt, & very long deplored. It is no common loss we have sustained — & yet it is accompanied with consolations, of no ordinary kind. “The wicked is driven away in his wickedness, but the righteous hath hope in his death.”_ The lifeless clay which we have just covered up, ’till the last trump shall sound, was animated by a spirit, which we trust, has winged its way to the paradise above. Around this hope, hang no misgivings. We cannot, surely, be mistaken. The meek and peaceful spirit of the gospel, was strikingly & uniformly manifested in her whole deportment. Her example was noiseless, but impressive. Like

the “Dew of Hermon[Psalm 133; Mt. Hermon] it distilled its refreshing influence, upon the circle in which she moved. Her calm & peaceful view of eternity, as she gradually approached its brink, & her expressions of confidence in the pardoning blood of Christ, were sure and comfortable evidences that the departing spirit was fitted for its flight. How consolatory to survivors, is the sweet assurance that death to her was gain! And who would not on, witnessing the peace of her expiring moments, & the hallowed calm that was thrown around her death-bed exclaim — Let me die the death of the righteous & let my last end be like hers!__

We have stood around the grave, & have committed to its trust, the precious but lifeless remnant, of the beloved, inestimable woman who had long been united to many of us, by sacred & tender ties. These ties have been dissolved, and the deathless spirit of our departed friend, has bidden us a long adieu. To the bereaved partner of her joys and sorrows, a crowd of consolations calculated to calm. The tumult of his feelings, are presented in the single fact that she sleeps in Jesus. What a privilege to have been the husband of such a wife! And altho’ a feeling of desolation, & loneliness must pass over his soul, it is his unutterable privilege to look beyond the lowering cloud, to the bow of the covenant beyond it, & exclaim, “The Lord gave and the Lord hath taken away. Blessed be the name of the Lord.” And while it is his privilege thus to bow, in peaceful submission,

to the sovereign will of God, how overwhelming are the motives presented in this scene of sorrow, to denote the short remnant of his span, with increased & redoubled diligence, to the care of that deathless spirit committed to his trust, & which in a little while must begin its eternal flight.

By the children of our departed friend, the solemn transactions of this solemn day, will not — cannot be soon forgotten. You have looked into a mother’s grave, yes, a mother’s grave. It is the voice of a beloved, departed mother, whose living form you will see no more, & whose prayers for her children had so often ascended to the throne, in agonizing earnestness, that now addresses you from the tomb, and tells you to prepare to meet your God. Can you resist an appeal so overwhelming — an appeal so calculated to thrill upon every cord, and every fibre of the heart? And will you not in this hour so full of solemn, & tender recollections, resolve that you will seek with an earnestness, never felt before, the favor of a mother’s Covenant God, & prepare to follow in the wake of her deathless spirit, departed for the skies? __
W. F._

Notice, published in the newspaper—
Departed this life on Monday Dec. 1st after a distressing & protracted illness, Mrs. Rebecca Magraw, wife of the Reverend Jas. Magraw, DD of Cecil County, Md, in the 55th year of her age. It is not intended in this notice to give in detail the history of her life, but merely a brief memorial. It is not known to the writer at what period in life she gave up the world for Christ. It is most probable however that it was in her youth. For many years she was a consistent & exemplary member of the visible Church & deeply interested in the general prosperity of Zion. In all the benevolent efforts of the day, she manifested a deep and increasing interest to the last. And if any one Christian enterprise shared in her affections more largely than another, it was the training up of young men for the gospel ministry. And some of them now in distant fields of labour, should they read this little memorial, will feel that they have indeed lost a mother — & the tear of gratitude will fall as memory brings up her kind attentions & untiring efforts to help them forward to the sacred office.
As a wife she was yielding, affectionate & kind — as a mother a rare example of devotedness to the best interests of her children — as a friend decided and ardent in her attachments. The meek and peaceful spirit of the Gospel threw a moral charm over her whole deportment.

Her example was noiseless but impressive. It shed like the dew of Hermon its refreshing influence upon the circle in which she moved. Her calm and peaceful view of eternity as she gradually approached its brink — her expressions of confidence in the pardoning blood of Christ, were sure and comfortable evidences that the departing spirit was fitted for its flight.
As her end drew near, she was asked by a friend if Christ was precious — precious! she exclaimed as if surprised at the question: “He is my whole dependence!” Death when he came created no alarm. She felt the gentle intimation that her hour was come; & clasping her hands upon her breast, & raising her eyes to Heaven in a fixed & ardent gaze resigned her spirit unto God who gave it.

“So sets the morning star,
“Which goes not down behind the darkened West,
“Nor hides obscured ‘mid tempests of the sky,
But melts away into the light of Heaven.”

[poem; text]

Extract from an address delivered at the communion-table in W. Nottingham Church shortly after the death of Dr. Magraw — W. F.
It has been my lot in the providence of God, occasionally to stand upon this spot & distribute to those around this Table, the memorials of the Redeemer’s death: — But never did I perform that service here, in such solemn circumstances. I feel that there is something wanting. The seat at the head of this table is not filled, as on former occasions — the Pulpit is empty — the chair unoccupied, & I listen to catch the sound of the voice which was so familiar, — so solemn, & so impressive at the communion table. But I look, & listen & wait in vain — And the truth that your beloved Pastor is no more, seems to fall upon the heart with an overwhelming certainty, that is professed not, when we stood in sorrow, & silence around his grave. He has performed, then, his last communion service, & placed in your hands for the last time, the memorials of the Redeemer’s death.
At the table, where we trust he sits, no bread & wine are needed, to remind him of the sorrows of Gethsemane, or the agonies of the Cross — but even there, if spirits of the departed, are permitted to look down upon the table below, he is no indifferent spectator, of this solemn scene. It was at the communion table that his feelings seemed to be most deeply enlisted, & his whole soul, to be thrown into his solemn & overwhelming appeals, to the conscience, & the heart. — A feeling of desolation comes over the soul, as

the reality forces itself upon us, that we shall see his face no more — that to this house, this sacred desk, this flock without a shepherd, he has bidden a long adieu: But you will meet him again, when the grave shall have given up its dead. To some of you, we trust, it will be a meeting full of joy. Are not some of my hearers, the seals of his ministry — the spiritual children of our departed Brother? — Then you will meet again where the faithful Pastor & the believing flock will be adorned with crowns of victory.

And perhaps I speak to some who have not been profited by his ministrations — some over whom he has wept and prayed in vain. Alas! What a fearful meeting will take place between the Pastor, who so faithfully and affectionately warned, & and his reckless hearer who fled not from the wrath to come! But if the life, & preaching and example of our Brother, now no more, failed to impress, will his death too be unimproved? To-day, he seems to address you, not from the Pulpit, but from the grave — not in the living voice, that falls upon the ear, but in the low unearthly whisper, that breaths upon the heart. And will you not now resolve, in dependence upon the grace & the spirit of God, that you will make the one thing needful the object of your supreme regard. Shall there not be joy to-day among the Angels of God over some in this assembly that have repented?

Extract from a sermon — “Ye shall see my face no more.” —
And with what solemn emphasis is this declaration pressed upon our hearts at this solemn moment? He who was pastor of this church, for more than 30 years, has been suddenly summoned to his last account, & you will see his face no more. How faithful he warned his hearers, thro’ that so long period, to flee from the wrath to come. How affectionately he invited them to accept of an offered Savior! How deeply he sympathized with them, in all their sorrows, & how diligently he toiled, & labored & prayed for their salvation, the hearts & consciences of many present will testify . . . as an ambassador of Jesus Christ, he was deterred by no bodily toil, or sacrifice of ease, from delivering the messages of his Master. As a member of the Presbytery, of the Synod, and general assembly, his services were not only invaluable, but cheerfully given. His death has left a blank in those departments of the Church, which cannot soon be filled. As a friend (I speak from experience) he was faithful, & devoted. For more than 20 years it has been my privilege, however undeserving, to share largely in his kindness, & receive substantial evidences of his regard — but I shall see his face no more — & have been denied too the melancholy privilege of a parting interview. It would been a mournful consolation, to have stood over his dying bed, & to have witnessed the cheering & sustaining influence of that gospel, he had so long preached to others. It would have been pleasant to have seen “how a Christian could die.” — But the Rubicon is passed, & that face upon which death has affixed his seal, you will see no more. That voice which so often resounded within these walls you will hear no more . . . but will the Pastor & his flock without a shepherd, meet no more? Yes you will meet him, at the bar of judgement, as a long absent friend, mingling his joys with yours, or as a swift and terrible witness against you. Upon your choice depends the joy or the sorrow of that meeting. Have you neglected the warnings of the living Watchman? Oh! seek to be profited by his death. Listen to the invitation he gives from the tomb. It is the silent solemn eloquence of death. It is his his last appeal, whose face you will see no more. ——

The Reverends Finney and McGraw

The Forster Family

The Forster Family

The above photograph depicts the Forster family of Philadelphia. We know the names of people in the photograph and where it was taken because of a type-written note on its reverse. It was purchased at an antique/junk store on in the Hampden neighborhood of Baltimore, MD.

Heinrich Joseph Eduard Adolph Fäster (1817-1891), later Forster, and his wife, Eleonore Dorette “Dorothea” Henrietta Klieves (1822-1913), immigrated from Germany to the USA separately. I don’t know when or how Adolph got here. Dorothea was single when she arrived in to the Port of Baltimore in 1841 aboard the S.S. Caspar sailing out of Bremen, Germany. Immigration documents say she “originated” in Nienover.

Adolph’s occupation in 1850 was “looking glass maker” and the family lived in Philadelphia’s Pine Ward. We know from Census records and Adolph’s obituary that the full address was 421 S. 2d Street, now the site of a CVS. Adolph’s other recorded occupations were “variety store” owner, “toy maker,” and proprietor of Adolph Forster & Company which imported toys and dolls from Germany.

Of their children, the first born was Amilie Louise Forster (1845-1928). She never married and no occupation was listed on her death certificate.

Second born was Emma Augusta Forster (1846-1934). She married German-born Henry Bauermeister (1837-1904) who was a toy importer. When I learned that Emma married a Bauermeister, I remembered the box I got the above photograph from contained a photograph of the Bauermeister family in Germany, so I went back to the store and found two versions of it.

Third born was Josephine Doris Forster (1848-1938). Josephine also never married though her death certificate lists her occupation as “housewife.” Her obituary asked that “Wheeling, WV papers please copy,” but I was unable to figure out the reason.

The fourth born was George Forster, in September 1852, and he is not in the photograph. He lived at least until age 18 when he was enumerated with his family in the U. S. Census of 1870, but I found nothing more about him.

Fifth born was Wilhelm “William” Heinrich August Forster (1859-1939). William followed in his father’s footsteps as an importer of toys and dolls from Europe and apparently renamed the business after himself. William never married. When he died he left his estate of $70,000 ($1,311,306.47 in 2020 dollars) to four nieces who lived in Baltimore, Olga Marie Wacker (1899-1961), Ilse Forster Wacker (1904-1962), Dorothy Forster Wacker (1895-1989), and Carla Wacker (1908-1985).

Those Wacker girls were among the children of the sixth child, Cecelia Louisa Forster (1864-1927). She married German-born Charles N. Wacker (1847-1921) in Philadelphia in 1893. By 1900 they had moved to Baltimore and Charles was working as a ship chandler. Charles’s obituary informed that he was “engaged in the canning business in Maryland” for many years. Here is the best version of the photograph I went back to the store to get:

Caption on the reverse: Picnic in Bremen, Celia (sic) Forster with Bauermeister Family

The owner of the antique/junk shop where I bought these materials called me back a week or so after I obtained the above photographs to tell me about the availability of some actors’ head shots in a box of papers at the shop. I went over to have a look and found four photographs autographed to Stanley Broughton Tall, Sr. (1891-1966), a Baltimore playwright whose second wife was Dorothy Forster Wacker. Tall was born in Baltimore County, MD to Otis Jackson Tall (1866-1920) and Onia Broughton (1865-1917).

Tall’s obituary in The Evening Sun described him as a “versatile dramatist and public relations writer” who was a drama critic for that newspaper in the 1930s, a program director for WBAL, and a publicist for the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra. Tall self-published Pages From a Critic’s Note Book in 1913, which contained “the personal opinions of the writer concerning authors, plays, and players . . . written in true journalistic manner; the night of the play and in the night of the midnight oil.” Tall also formed Tall-Owens Publishing Company to publish a number of songs with him as the lyricist and one William Owens as the composer.

The actors whose autographed photographs follow performed in the premiere of Tall’s “Green Jade” in Dayton, OH in September 1921. I was unable to find a copy of the play but here is a review of that performance. A notice said it was expected to be the first play performed at the Times Square Theater in September 1920 with Florence Reed starring, but the theater opened with Reed starring instead in The Mirage and that ran for 192 performances.

To Mr. Broughton Tall with my sincere good wishes, Jane Stuart, “Green Jade,” 9-12-21
To Mr. Tall–Hope the play goes over big in N. Y., Sincerely, Frances Pitt

Francis Pitt was the daughter of the English actor William Addison Pitt (1876-1968) and Helen Agnes Schayer (1875-1959) and the grand-daughter of the actress Fannie Addison Pitt (1876-1968).

To Mr. Tall, In sincere appreciation of the opportunity of playing “Richard,” Corliss Giles
To Mr. Tall, a fellow Baltimorean, I wish the greatest success. The original “((Maz)),” Fraunie

“Fraunie” had a number of stage names but his true name was Francis Anthony Fraunholz (1883-1961). Fraunie was, like Tall, a Baltimorean, the son of a wood carver named John M. Fraunholz (1854-1936) and Catherine E. Parr (1863-1943). All four of his grandparents were born in Bavaria. His Wikipedia page has a list of films he appeared in between during 1913-1919 which I can’t vouch for given that Fraunie’s vital statistics are all wrong. In the 1930s Fraunie was the Bergen County, NJ director of the Federal Theater Project (1935-1939).

The Forster Family

Lucille Edwards of Capa, SD

This blog was suspended for a few weeks as I tried to get my arms around some other projects, but one of those projects is pretty depressing, particularly in the current climate, so I spent a few days on this blog to clear my head a little. The photograph is one of a cache I received from a Stuff CTW Found field operative currently deployed to South Dakota.

Lucile Edwards When a tiny girl & Doll. Capa S. D.

The above photograph depicts Lucille Margaret Edwards (1914-2007). The caption on the back states she lived in Capa, Jones County, SD. The Census of 1920 enumerates her family as living on the Lower Brule Indian Reservation in Lyman County, SD. Easterners like me must rejigger their conception of distance when considering places like South Dakota.

Lucille’s father was Charles Erwin Edwards (1886-1971), a farmer, who was born in Wisconsin to Wisconsin-born parents. Lucille’s mother was Karolina Sophie “Lena” Kohler (1887-1925) who was born in Wisconsin to German-born parents. They were married in Lyman County in 1909.

Lucille married John Arthur Hansen (1913-1996) in February 1939 in Estherville, IA where he was born. John’s father was Jens “John” Hansen (1872-1947) who was born in Denmark. His mother was Andrea Husby (1886-1961) who was born in Norway. Jens was a tailor in Denmark and in Germany before moving to the USA in 1893. According to an obituary featured in his findagrave.com memorial, Jens bought out a tailor in Estherville in 1894 and added a dry cleaning plant in 1905. John followed his father in the dry cleaning business. Lucille and John had three sons.

Lucille and John both died in Hawaii and are buried near John’s parents in Oak Hill Cemetery in Estherville. There is a photograph of Lucille on her findagrave.com memorial page and you can see that she retained that dimple in her chin until adulthood. On her memorial page and on John’s memorial page there are several photographs of the family.

When and why did they move to Hawaii? I don’t know the answers for certain but I think it has something to do with Al Phillips (1907-1984). Known as Al Phillips the Cleaner, Phillips spent 40 years in the dry cleaning business in Oregon and Las Vegas before retiring and moving to Honolulu in 1964. Unable to remain retired, Phillips built an Al Phillips the Cleaner plant on McCully Street, then sold it in 1968. Lucille and John appear in a Portland, OR city directory in 1955 and John is working for Ideal Cleaners in Beaverton. They were still living in Portland in 1961, but in 1971 they were living in an apartment on McCully Street in Honolulu, the same street where Al Phillips built his dry cleaning plant. In my imagined scenario, Phillips knew John from Portland and recruited him to help set up the Honolulu edition of Al Phillips the Cleaner. John’s obituaries inform that he was retired from Al Phillips the Cleaner. Perhaps a family member will shed light on this story at some point.

The reverse of the above photograph.

Lucille Edwards of Capa, SD

Reese and Rinehart

Horace Greeley Reese, Sr. In College

Above we see Horace Greeley Reese, Sr. (1876-1954). I would bet a dollar that Horace was named after Horace Greeley (1811-1872) who was the founder and editor of the New-York Tribune, a member of the U. S. House of Representatives, and a presidential candidate of the Liberal Republican Party who lost to Ulysses S. Grant in a landslide in 1872. The caption on the back of the photograph says it was taken while he was in college. Horace attended Western Maryland College (now McDaniel College) where he won the freshman class gold medal in 1896 and graduated in the class of 1899.

Horace was the son of David Reese (1825-1895) and Sarah C. Burns (1844-1899). He grew up on farm on what is now Meadow Branch Road southwest of Westminster, MD. The Reese farm was surrounded by the farms of family members, part of a large parcel of land passed down through the family of his paternal grandmother Rebecca Roop (1803-1872) who married Andrew Reese (1791-1826) in 1822.


Horace began working at the Westminster Post Office while still in college. By 1902 he had risen to the position of chief clerk under postmaster Milton Schaeffer (1853-1902), a former Republican mayor of Westminster and a prominent Carroll County businessman who had been appointed in 1898. Under Schaeffer’s supervision, in 1899 Carroll County became the first county in the U. S. to completely implement Rural Free Delivery and Horace participated in the first run in April.

Schaeffer died in September 1902 and Horace was appointed acting postmaster to serve out the remainder of Schaeffer’s term, but he was eventually passed over for the permanent job. Horace married Schaeffer’s oldest daughter, Edna Eugenia Schaeffer (1879-1954), on 31 December 1902. Edna’s mother was Mary Susan Zacharias (1857-1943). Horace resigned from the Westminster post office in September 1904 and took a job in Memphis working for the U. S. Post Office’s Rural Free Delivery Southern Division. He went on to become a mail inspector and to work all over the South. Horace was credited with capturing a number of crooks and fraudsters who used the postal service to carry out their crimes.

Horace and Edna had four children, Horace Greeley Reese, Jr. (1906-1979), Kathleen Diehl Reese (1915-1991), Mary Elizabeth Reese (1918-2006), and Milton Schaeffer Reese (1920-1992). The couple retired in Florida at the end of Horace’s 45-year career, died within months of each other, and were buried in Memorial Park Cemetery in St. Petersburg, FL.

Mary Reese Rinehart

Above we see Mary Ann Reese (1832-1922). She was a daughter of Andrew Reese (1800-1884) and Hannah Leister (1802-1888), the last survivor of their nine children. I think she was related to Horrace primarily because they shared the same great-grandfather, Andrew Reese (1709-1794). She married Jeremiah Rinehart (1821-1897) in August 1882 after his first wife, Mary A. Maus (1822-1882), died in May of that year.

Both of these photographs were produced by Sereck Shallcross Wilson (1870-1943). Serick was born in Middletown, DE. He moved to Westminster in 1901 and operated a studio there from 1902-1910 and 1920-1932. Between 1910 and 1920 he worked in Washington and Baltimore. These dates cause me to question the “in college” note on the back of Horace’s photograph but it is a discrepancy which could be easily explained. Sereck’s wife was Mary Gertrude Weaver (1880-1971) who happened to be a granddaughter of Jeremiah Rinehart.

These photographs were bought at an antique store on The Avenue in Hampden neighborhood of Baltimore.

Reese and Rinehart

Daughters of Joshua Hood

I bought this batch of 12 photographs at an antique store on The Avenue in Baltimore’s Hampden neighborhood. The photographs appear to be duplicates of older photographs. Each one is contained in a cardboard folder measuring 3.25 x 4 inches with the logo “Pack Bros., 112 West Lexington St., Baltimore, MD” on the front. As best I can determine, the Pack Brothers, led by Walter Burton Pack (1870-1960), operated at that address, also known as the London Studio, from about 1904 to about 1908. Inside each of the folders is a handwritten note containing what biographical information was known to the writer. Each photograph’s caption quotes the note that came with it.

The following gentleman is Joshua Hood (1804-1890) who descended from a namesake who settled in the Howard County, MD area in the 1600s. He was born near Warfieldsburg, MD, the son of Benjamin Hood (1778-1848), a well-known Methodist Episcopal preacher, and Sally Wayman (1778-1864). Joshua is said to have introduced the Marquis de Lafayette to the people of Cooksville, MD and “played a prominent role at the grand ball at Annapolis given in honor of the Marquis” in December 1824 during the Frenchman’s 16-month-long tour of the USA. Joshua married Matilda Ann Haughey (1807-1866) of Delaware in April 1825. They had nine children that I found.

Emily Jane Hood father, __________ Hood

Next we have three photographs of Clara Hood Walker (1857-1918). Clara was the daughter of Samuel Theophilus Walker (1828-1901) and Emily Jane Hood (1830-1867). Emily was a daughter of Joshua Hood.

Clara Hood Walker, about 2 yr old, Mrs. Andrew Jackson Young
Clara Hood Walker, Born Nov. 4, 1857, about 9 yr old with cousin Edward Van Sant

The boy standing with Clara in the above photograph is Edward Van Sant (1858-1931), the son of Nicholson Van Sant (1817-1902) and Sally M. Hood (1826-1897), Sally being another of Joshua Hood’s daughters.

Clara Hood Walker, 28 yr old, Married Andrew Jackson Young, 48 yr. old, Nov. 4, 1885

Clara married Andrew Jackson Young (1837-1920) who was born in Baltimore, one of the eight children of William Scott Young (1801-1888) and Mary A. Dutton (1800-1887). William bought a farm in Abingdon, MD in 1837 and that is where Andrew grew up. According to William’s obituary, as a boy during the War of 1812 he “helped to throw up the embankments which are still reserved around Patterson Park, Baltimore.” William served as “a member of the revenue force under President Andrew Jackson” and held elective office in Harford County, MD as a member of the Native American Party. Andrew was affiliated with the Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington Railroad until he turned to real estate in the mid-1890s. At his death he had been the proprietor of the real estate firm A. J. Young & Company for about 25 years.

Andrew Jackson Young, about 18
Andrew Jackson Young, about 22 or 23
Andrew Jackson Young, b. 1837, son of Wm Scott Young & Mary Dutton, Wm S. Y. born Jan 1801, Mary Dutton b. Dec 1799

Clara and Andrew had three children: Eldridge Hood Young (1886-1957) who married Nadine P. Showell (1888-1959); Andrew Jackson Young, Jr. (1888-1965) who married Elizabeth Welsh van Sweringen Rhodes (1891-1970); and Emily Dutton Young (1891-1981) who married Harold Frederic Spiers (1894-1962). It was a big help to me that Andrew Jackson Young, Jr. was a member of the Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Maryland because the pedigrees of the society’s members are available on Ancestry.com.

The next photograph and its caption are mysterious. According to the note accompanying it, the subject is Matilda Hood, a wife of Benjamin F. Walker (1830-1899) who was a brother of the aforementioned Samuel Theophilus Walker, but Benjamin’s wives were actually Amelia D. Hood (~1836-~1864), another daughter of Joshua Hood, and Mary T. Harmer (1852-1893). The confusion may arise from Amelia having been a daughter of a Matilda and the mother of Matilda A. “Tillie” Walker (1855-1925). “Amelia W. Walker” is inscribed on Benjamin’s tombstone but without dates.

Matilda Hood, m. Frank Walker, Bro Samuel T. Walker, died when she was 28.

The note writer thought the lady in the next photograph is Ella Hood who married Samuel Burgess, but it was Ella M. Walker (1854-1943) who married Samuel French Burgess (1839-1906). Ella Hood (1851-1923), another daughter of Joshua Hood, married Joshua Warfield Baxley (1848-1910).

I think, Ella Hood, m. Samuel Burgess

Next up is William S. Young (1828-1892), the first son of William Scott Young and brother of Andrew Jackson Young. William was also born in Baltimore and raised in Harford County. He was elected Harford County, MD surveyor as a Democrat in 1853 and served in that capacity until he was elected county sheriff in 1867. He was admitted to the Harford County Bar in 1870 and “soon acquired a considerable reputation as a brilliant speaker and a quick, ready lawyer.” He married Mary Elizabeth Cochran (1828-1915). They had nine children who survived to adulthood.

William Young of Bel Air, eldist child of William Scott Young and Mary Dutton

Finally, the following photograph had no note. Could this be William Scott Young?

(This one had no note.)

Below is what the notebook containing each photograph looks like.

I originally wrote the blog with a focus on Andrew Jackson Young and Clara Hood Walker because they were the subjects of the majority of the photographs.. I re-wrote the post when I realized the actual theme should be the daughters of Joshua Hood.

Daughters of Joshua Hood

An Unusual Personal Attraction

Juliana Brent Keyser

According to the inscription on its back, the subject of the above photograph is Juliana Brent Keyser (1891-1975). I think the style of her hat dates the photograph to around 1910. When Baltimore newspapers still had “social pages” they followed every move of the debutante and her family.

Her father was Robert Brent Keyser (1859-1927) who was a president of Johns Hopkins University‘s Board of Trustees and oldest son of Baltimore industrialist William Keyser (1835-1904) who, along with his cousin William Wyman (1825-1903) and others, helped establish the university’s Homewood Campus in the early 20th Century. Her mother was Ellen Carr McHenry (1860-1946) who was a great-granddaughter of both John Eager Howard (1752-1827) and James McHenry (1753-1816) for whom Fort McHenry was named. Juliana was possibly named after her great-grandmother Juliana Elizabeth Howard McHenry (1796-1821) and her grandmother Mary Hoke Brent Keyser (1838-1911). Her only sister was Ellen McHenry Keyser (1892-1980) who married James Cabell Bruce (1892-1980). Her only brother was William McHenry Keyser (1897-1928) who married Marjorie Hambleton Ober (1900-1977) before his early death as the result of an automobile accident.

The Keyser family’s town home was located at 1201 North Calvert Street in Baltimore. The announcement of its sale after her father’s death in 1927 said the house “occupies a lot of 38 by 133 feet” and “contains four stories and thirty-two rooms, with eight baths, and an electric elevator.” The property is currently listed as nearly 12,000 square feet. The family’s country home, nearly always said to be “in the Green Spring Valley,” was Dunlora, later called Merry Hill, located in what is now the Anton Woods development in Baltimore County. According to Census records, in 1900 the family had nine servants; in 1910 the family had five servants; in 1920 the family had two maids and a butler.

Her parents “introduced” Juliana at a reception held at their town home in December 1910. The Baltimore Sun article about the reception described her as “one of the most important debutantes of several years, combining as she does birth, wealth, position, an unusual personal attraction.” December, January, and February of 1910 were filled with receptions, dances, a bal poudré, and in each announcement the setting and her clothing were precisely detailed. Several articles described her “surgical operation for appendicitis” at Johns Hopkins Hospital in November 1911. The family’s travels, domestic and foreign, and the annual moves between houses, were meticulously reported.

Juliana and Gaylord Lee Clark (1883-1969), a Baltimore assistant state’s attorney, announced their engagement at a “german” in February 1921 and The Baltimore Sun described the occasion this way: Juliana Keyser and Gaylord Clark simply “made” the dance by announcing their engagement. Everyone, of course, had noticed Gaylord’s attentions, but both he and Juliana have had so many admirers that nobody felt called upon to make any remarks in this case. That sentence is not as crazy as it sounds, for Gaylord had caused many a feminine heart to flutter, both here and elsewhere, and Juliana is not the sort of girl to care for a man whom no one else could see on the earth.

Gaylord and Juliana were married in April, 1921. He was born in Mobile, AL to Gaylord Blair Clark, Sr. (1846-1893), a lawyer who had been a member of the Virginia Military Institute Corps of Cadets who fought at the Battle of New Market on 15 May 1864, and Lettice Lee Smith (1855-1914). Gaylord had a distinguished military career like his father, serving in Maryland’s 5th Regiment during the Mexican Border War and as a company commander in the 29th Division during World War I when he was cited for gallantry under fire two times during October 1918. During World War II he was executive officer of the Maryland State Guard with the rank of colonel. After the war he joined the law firm of Semmes, Bowen, and Semmes and became a partner in 1935. He served as president of the Family Welfare Association was named state parole commissioner in 1932.

There is a lot more to know about Juliana than there is about the usual subjects of this blog, so I’ll end with a jumble of interesting tidbits. She was educated at Calvert School, Bryn Mawr School, and Miss Porter’s School. She served as a volunteer and leader of Planned Parenthood in the 1930s and remained interested in the organization all her life. When the Junior League of Baltimore was established in 1912 Juliana served as its first president until 1916. She helped organize the 1920 Lecture Club and hosted its first meeting in November 1919 where the English novelist Hugh Walpole was the speaker. In April, 1914 she hosted “about four hundred modishly dressed young women of the ‘leisure class'” who heard the evangelist Billy Sunday urge them to “leave behind something more than an obituary notice in a newspaper and a piece of black crepe floating on the door.” English miniature portraitist Charles James Turrell (1846-1932) produced “an especially fine likeness” of her in 1922. It was Juliana’s “unflagging efforts” which led to the establishment on the Homewood Campus of memorials to her grandfather William Keyser and great uncles Samuel and William Wyman, efforts which resulted in the naming of the Keyser Quadrangle and the Wyman Quadrangle.

To learn more and see a description of the Keyser-Wyman papers, look here.

Reverse of the Photograph
An Unusual Personal Attraction

Wilbur and His Mother

Wilbur Parmely and his Mother (G’pa Parmely & Great Grandma Parmely)

The subjects of the above photograph are as James Wilbur Parmely (1863-1922) and his mother Elizabeth Toay Ferrill (1844-1908). As you can see below, the reverse of the photograph also shows the name of Wilbur’s son Edwin Samuel Parmely (1890-1957). I resolved this possible confusion by dating Elizabeth’s dress to the 1860s. This photograph was purchased from Artifacts, Antiques, and Art on Main Street in Spearfish, SD by a StuffCTWFound.com field operative.

Elizabeth was born in Montreal, one of five children of James Ferrill (1799-1864) and Mary Toay (1810-1888) of Cornwall, England. The couple married in 1834, moved to Canada in the 1840s, and had settled in Wisconsin by 1849. There she married Melvin Augustus Parmely (1843-1910) in 1862 and Wilbur was the first of their 12 children.

Melvin was born in Missouri, the first of more than 20 children fathered by Ellsworth M. Parmely (1819-1913) and his four wives. Rhoda Emmaline Knowlton (1819-1855) was his mother. Melvin’s roots were also in southern England: John Parmely (1615-1689), Melvin’s fourth great-grandfather, emigrated from East Sussex, England to the Connecticut Colony in 1639. Soon after Melvin was born the family moved to Wisconsin, then to Iowa, then to South Dakota in about 1882. He received four land patents in Hand County, SD between 1888 and 1901.

Wilbur was born in Wisconsin. He was a farmer all his life. He married Isabella Hastings Barrett (1870-1910) in Hand County in 1890. Isabella had emigrated from Scotland with her parents, Thomas Barrett (1851-1905) and Mary Stevenson (1850-1918), in 1871 and spent time in Pennsylvania and Iowa before settling in South Dakota. Wilbur and Isabella had five children.

The Parmely family is very well documented on genealogy websites and there is a comprehensive family website where I reckon this photograph may one day appear. There is also a cache of letters from the early 1800s in the Sylvanus and Lois Gould Parmely Collection at the William L. Clements Library at the University of Michigan. Sylvanus (1784-1874) and Lois (1789-1873) were Melvin’s paternal grandparents and early settlers in Ashland and Lorain Counties in Ohio.

Wilbur and His Mother

Sallie and Friends

Sallie Branch Vann Yokley

The inscription on the back of the above photograph (see below) says “Me, Sallie Vann Yokley.” We’ve seen over the years that people sometimes do not have precise memories of faces in photographs and the identities of their owners, but we usually take it for granted that the inscriber recognizes herself. In this batch there is some doubt about who everybody else might be.

Sallie Branch Vann (1890-1980) was born in Enfield, NC to Macon Edward Vann (1862-1932), a ship pipefitter, mail carrier, and bookkeeper, and Sallie Branch (1866-1890) who were married in Halifax County, NC in 1887. Her mother died 31 days after she was born. Her only sibling was her older brother, John Richard Vann (1888-1971).

Sallie married William Ross Yokley (1884-1970), a Baptist minister known as Ross, in 1914 at in Pineville, KY. The ceremony was performed by William Cartwright Sale (1876-1958), who may have been an Army buddy of Ross’s, and Sale’s wife, Grace Porter (1875-1953), played “Hearts and Flowers.” Sallie and Ross probably met while both were students at the “Missionary Training School” in Louisville. Ross was born Hughsville, MO to Amos N. Yokley (1859-1949) of NC and Mollie Ann Smith (1857-1920) of KY. After studying at William Jewell College in Liberty, MO, Ross was ordained at his home church, Bethel Baptist Church near La Monte, MO in 1907. Ross served at churches from Ohio to Florida, and as a chaplain in the U. S. Army and the Civilian Conservation Corps. They had five children: Mary Virginia Yokley (1915-2004); Sarah Virginia Yokley (1916-2009); Josephine Hunter Yokley (1918-1997); William Ross Yokley, Jr (1921-1952); and Carolyn Dehaven Yokley (1927-1999). Sallie, Ross, Sr., and Ross Jr. are buried in the Zachary Taylor National Cemetery in Louisville.

Sallie wrote on the back of the following photograph that its subject is Lutie Mary Love (1892-1977). She did not name the dogs.

Lutie Morrison Love

Lutie Mary Morrison (1892-1977) was born in Lynchburg, VA to James Nelson Morrison (1848-1926) and Lutie Ann Bunch (1848-1940). She married Jacob Taylor Love (1889-1945) and they had four children.

The inscription on the back of the following photograph identifies the ladies as Edith Boswell and Sallie Vann Yokley. I could not find Edith Boswell and suspect the lady on the right is actually Lutie Morrison Love.

Identified as Edith Boswell and Sallie Van Yokley

The last photograph is inscribed, “Harlan, KY, 1914.”

“Harlan, KY 1914”

Following are the backs of the photographs in order of their appearance.

Sallie and Friends

Edward Porter Alexander III

This is a portraito
Edward Porter Alexander, III

Above is a portrait of Edward Porter Alexander, III (1891-1918). He was born in Duluth, MN to Edward Porter Alexander, Jr. (1863-1939) and Agnes Gordon Grady (1872-1963).

Both of his grandfathers were Confederate Army officers. His paternal grandfather, Brigadier General Edward Porter Alexander (1935-1910) of Georgia, “made history by being the first to use signal flags to transmit a message during combat over long a long distance” and wrote two highly regarded books about the the American Civil War. His maternal grandfather, Cuthbert Powell Grady (1840-1922) of Virginia, enlisted as a private in 1861 and finished the war as a captain and brigade assistant adjutant general.

Porter, as he was known, attended the University of Minnesota [UM] in the class of 1913, but he apparently dropped out after 1911. The stamp on the photograph card above appears to be UM’s mascot, a gopher, over a seal with a bow, but I could not prove it. If it is a gopher and a seal associated with UM, that would date the photograph to 1909-1911. Porter appeared in the 1911 UM yearbook, The Gopher, as the assistant secretary of the staff of the Men’s Union Carnival which occurred 22 October that year and started out “with a three mile parade, brought up in the rear by the Dekes on the water wagon.” He was also a member of the Phi Kappa Psi fraternity. Porter graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1914 with a bachelor of science degree in civil engineering. He was elected as a Junior of the American Society of Civil Engineers in November 1914. Porter returned to Duluth after graduating and started a contracting company called Alexander & Farrell with James A. Farrell (1876-1937), a former assistant city engineer of Duluth.

Porter married Myra Sundquist Salyards (1896-1972) in August 1917. Myra was born in North Dakota to Henry Franklin Salyards (1871-1944) and Mary Lane Ely (1871-1941), natives of Missouri. Henry was president of Ely, Salyards and Company, in Duluth, a firm involved in the distribution of grain all across the upper Northwest.

During the Tampico Affair in 1914, an episode of American involvement in the Mexican Revolution, while still a student at MIT, Porter applied for a commission in the U.S. Army. When the U.S. entered World War I in 1917 Porter received his commission as a first lieutenant in the Engineers Reserve Corps. He trained at Fort Snelling, MN, then trained at the Engineers Training Camp at Fort Leavenworth, KS, then had overseas training at Fort Travis, TX. On 17 February 1918 Porter departed Hoboken, NJ aboard the USS President Grant as a member of the 509th Engineers, Service Battalion-Colored which consisted of “17 officers (white), 101 non-commissioned officers (white) and 798 privates (colored).” They arrived at Brest, France, on 4 March 1918. He was an adjutant of Company D of the 509th at Saint-Nazaire, France, when he died of influenza on 5 September 1918 at the age of 27. He was buried in an American cemetery at Saint-Nazaire then re-interred at Arlington National Cemetery on 26 January 1922.

Tombstone of Edward Porter Alexander III, Arlington National Cemetery, Plot 3-4412-WS; FindaGrave Memorial ID 32488044

Myra married Louis Carl Hofmeister (1893-1990), a Tuscon banker, in October 1920, and they had two children.

Reverse of the above portrait of Edward Porter Alexander, III

I purchased this photograph at Station North Books (IG @stationnorthbooks, FB StationNorthBooks) on East Lanvale Street in the Station North neighborhood of Baltimore when the owner invited me down for a look-see. He had seen the article about this blog in Baltimore Magazine and thought I might like the place–he was right. You will love the place if you like old stuff.

Edward Porter Alexander III